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SZ China Refining Monthly Report-Dec’2011
[Wednesday, Dec. 28, 2011] PRINT EMAIL FAV PDF

Top 10 SZ Oil, Gas & Petrochemical Stories of 2011
It’s the end of year again, time to look back on what we’ve learned and oversimplify into a handy list. Here is SZ take on the 10 big stories in China Oil, Gas & Petrochemical this year:
1. China Government passed the 12th Five-Year Plan for Energy:
* In 2015, new oil refining project should control in 10-mil mt/year or more. More quickly eliminate under small oil refining enterprise which production under 2-mil mt/year, prevent asphalt, heavy oil processing and so on name new small oil refining project. Crude oil processing capacity control in 650-mil mt/year, product oil output reached 300-mil mt. The national ethylene production capacity is 26-mil mt/year or so, about 70% by the rate of self-reliance. Propylene capacity is 22-mil mt/year, about 75% by the rate of self-reliance.
*China aims to construction 20-mil mt refining production base in 2015.The average size of refineries will be more than 6-mil mt/year.
* China is estimated to consumption 230-260-bil cu m natural gas in 2015.And China natural gas domestic supply will reach 170-bil cu m, import part will reach 90-bil cu m. CBM production will reach 20-bil cu m in 2015.Coal-To-Gas production will reach 30-bil cu m in 2015.Shale gas will complete the basic resource potential survey and evaluation, exploring shale gas geological reserves of 1 trillion cu m, recoverable reserves of 200-bil cu m, production reach 6.5-bil cu m annual.
* China estimated that hydro, nuclear, wind and other renewable energy’s development can achieved 250-mil kw,39-mil kw and 110-mil kw or so.
* China natural gas accounts for proportion of energy will be raised by 4.4%,hydropower and nuclear power will raised by 1.5%, wind power, solar, biomass energy and other new energy will raised by 1.8%.
* China Aims to cut the amount of energy and carbon dioxide emissions needed for every unit of economic output by 16% and 17%, respectively, over the five years to 2012.This is consistent with China’s long-term plan to cut carbon intensity by 40 percent to 45 percent by 2020,relative to 2005 levels.
2. China sets oil, gas resource tax rate at 5 percent of sales
China levy a resource tax on crude oil and natural gas products at 5 percent of sales nationwide starting from Tuesday, the Ministry of Finance said on Oct 31.The ministry also released specific resource tax rates on a variety of other commodities, including iron ore, coking coal and rare earth ore, for which the tax will remain based on sales volumes.
The tax policy change came after the State Council, or China’s Cabinet, announced earlier on Oct that resource taxes on domestic sales of crude oil and natural gas would be extended from a few of the country’s regions to the entire nation starting from Nov 1.
3. China cut fuel prices for the first time in 2011
China cut fuel prices for the first time in 2011 as the government tries to rein in inflation. Wholesale gasoline prices and diesel prices were cut by 300 yuan. The benchmark retail price of gasoline is being cut by 0.22 yuan per liter and diesel prices are being cut by 0.26 yuan per liter.
This represents a 3.5% decline in gasoline prices and a 3.9% fall in diesel prices according to prices in an October 8 statement by the The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC).
4. China reforms jet fuel pricing; precursor to motor fuels
China adjust jet fuel prices once a month from August in an attempt to link domestic rates with those prevailing globally, adding pressure on the Asian market as the new mechanism boosts margins and encourages refiners to ramp up output.
If the plan works, the change may be a precursor for policymakers in Beijing to reform the mechanism for key transportation fuels - gasoline and diesel. Emerging economies from China, India to Indonesia spend billions of dollars in fuel subsidies and are often blamed for the surge in oil prices as insulated consumers don’t feel the pressure to curb usage.
5. China to levy no import tariff on naphtha in 2012
China will cut the temporary import duty rate of naphtha from 1% to zero, effective from 1 January 2012, according to an announcement posted on the website of the Ministry of Finance (MOF).
The government made the exemption in a bid to prevent supply tightness, as the domestic demand is rising amid expanding ethylene production capacity and recovering chemical industry, market sources said.
6. CNOOC ordered to halt productions at Penglai oilfield
China’s State Oceanic Administration said it has ordered ConocoPhillips to stop operations at platforms B and C of the Penglai 19-3 oilfield. ConocoPhillips was told to halt production at the two platforms as the progress in dealing with the oil spill is slow. ConocoPhillips is the operator of Penglai 19-3, the largest offshore oilfield in China..
7. China Auctions First Shale-Gas Blocks to Domestic Companies
China offered it’s first four shale- gas blocks to domestic developers in an auction yesterday, the official Xinhua News Agency reported, without citing anyone. Companies including PetroChina Co., China Petroleum & Chemical Corp., Cnooc Ltd., Shaanxi Yanchang Petroleum Group Co., China United Coalbed Methane Co. and Henan Provincial Coal Seam Gas Development and Utilization Co. placed bids for the blocks in Guizhou and Chongqing, in the southwest of the country.
Sinopec and Henan CBM win China’s first shale gas tender. Both blocks are in the Chongqing area. The contracts will be signed shortly. Sinopec won the Nanchuan block and Henan Provincial Coal Gas Development and Utilisation Co was awarded the Xiushan block, said the official. Both blocks cover an area of around 2000km2.
China may hold a second and possibly a third auction of shale-gas blocks later.
8. China shale gas discoveries in Sichuan could be major boost to domestic supplies
China is reporting discoveries of major shale gas reserves in its western Sichuan region, a development that could drastically boost its domestic supplies of natural gas and temper demand for imports.
State-owned China National Petroleum Corp. has found shale gas reserves in at least 20 locations, with each able to produce over 10,000 cubic meters of gas per day.
9. Blast hit PetroChina Fushun and it closed the oldest refinery unit
A 3.5-mil mt per year fluid catalytic cracker at PetroChina’s Fushun refinery in northeast China was hit by an explosion on Jan 19 morning. The affected No.2 plant of Fushun refinery in Liaoning province has a crude refining capacity of 200,000 bpd. The refinery has a total refining capacity of about 230,000 bpd. The catalytic cracking unit makes mostly gasoline.
And on Mar 14, Fushun Petrochemical Company has closed a 1.2-mill ton/year oil refinery in China, to remove a potential safety hazard. The company also unveiled plans to upgrade technologies in the facility to build a 10-mil mt year oil refinery and 1-mil mt/year ethylene production base.
10. Petrochina’s Dalian refinery hit by fire third times
A fire broke out at a diesel tank at PetroChina’s Dalian refinery on Aug 29 morning, the second fire to hit the major oil plant in less than two months. The diesel tank storing about 800 mt of fuel ignited at about 10 am (0200 GMT).
And in Nov 23, two large oil tanks caught fire in the northeastern Chinese port city of Dalian. This is the third fire involving oil terminals in Dalian in the space of the past 18 months.
Please see ’’’’ for more detailed information about China oil, gas & petrochemical industry.
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